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Director's Chair: Weather Reporting in North Dakota

January 17, 2024 13:28 | Anonymous

Welcome back to winter in North Dakota! Navigating the skies above our state during this season serves as a reminder of the incredible importance of real-time weather reporting.

For pilots, the significance of precise weather information cannot be overstated. Variables such as wind speed, turbulence, visibility, and cloud cover wield substantial influence over flight operations. Real-time weather updates emerge as indispensable tools, enabling pilots to make informed decisions, adapt flight paths, and select optimal altitudes to navigate safely through potentially adverse conditions.

Beyond ensuring safety, weather conditions play a pivotal role in fuel consumption and overall operational efficiency. Factors like headwinds, tailwinds, and temperature fluctuations directly impact fuel burn rates and weather forecasts are utilized to fine-tune flight plans which can reduce operational costs and environmental impacts. 

Over the past 15 years, North Dakota has demonstrated a steadfast commitment to enhancing weather reporting infrastructure. In 2008, the state had 23 Automated Weather Observation Systems (AWOS). Fast forward to 2023 and North Dakota now proudly has 35 sites delivering real-time weather reporting. This remarkable expansion has significantly benefited Part 135 and air ambulance operations and has elevated the reliability and accessibility of aviation across the entire state.

Recent additions, such as the Bottineau AWOS (2022) and the Killdeer AWOS (early 2024), exemplify North Dakota’s dedication to advancing its weather reporting capabilities. The most recent addition of the Killdeer AWOS, promises to further augment the state’s comprehensive weather reporting network in Western North Dakota. 

Ensuring the sustainability of this crucial infrastructure, the North Dakota Aeronautics Commission provides on-going support for the system by covering the costs of the tri-annual inspections necessary to maintain AWOS certification. Additionally, the commission covers the expenses of the NADIN connection for each site, which allows direct internet access for the weather information to become available to the public. State grant funding is also available to install and replace equipment at AWOS sites throughout North Dakota.  The state program has alleviated the financial burden on local communities and helps to ensure that the entire state system has robust weather reporting.

Introducing innovative tools, the FAA weather camera program now also offers our airports with a weather reporting alternative, particularly when an investment in an AWOS system is not feasible. The Ashley Municipal Airport has recently become the first in North Dakota to enable a live weather camera feed. This weather reporting option can be further explored at We encourage other airports to connect with us to also explore options to enter into this program and enhance their weather reporting capabilities.

In the realm of aviation, weather reporting stands as a cornerstone of safety and operational efficiency. To secure North Dakota’s position in a competitive economic and business climate, we remain steadfast in our commitment to maintaining and improving our weather reporting capabilities. As technology also continues to evolve, we embrace the challenges and opportunities that it presents, as we work to ensure a safe and efficient future for aviation in our great state.


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North Dakota Aviation Association

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